St Marks History Through The Years
Updated October 13, 2015 9:19 PM
In the New Testament, Christian apostle and evangelist whose name is given to the second Gospel. It was probably written AD 65–70, and used by the authors of the first and third Gospels. He is the patron saint of Venice, and his emblem is a winged lion. His feast day is on the 25th April.
Above St Mark's Basilica and Square, Venice, Italy St Mark's Square (the Piazza San Marco) is at the centre of Venice. It contains the 11th-century cathedral of St Mark, who is the patron saint of the city. This five-domed Byzantine cathedral is decorated with marble and mosaics, and four Greek bronze horses dating from the 3rd or 4th century. Sculptures of lions, the symbol of St Mark, are to be found in the square and on its buildings.
1856The Vicar of the Holy Trinity the Rev Joseph Lowe visualised that the area in his parish covered by fields and lanes would soon become thickly populated district and noted when children had finished their daily toils they were seen to be roaming the bye lanes or waste lands growing in ignorance and acquiring habits of vice, so he thought of a way to alleviate the problem.
1857A cottage on Lever St was acquired and used as a Sunday School, the Rev Lowe was assisted by Squire Openshaw including Mr Thomas Hall Arrowsmith and many others.
1858The project prospered and two more cottages were built next to the original one as more homes were being built nearby so there were more children that needed their minds occupied.
1859Row after row of cottages being built for the workers of the factories and mills that were also being built in the district that was once wasteland two years ago.
1860The Rev Lowe saw that the Sunday School was becoming overcrowded and he found himself bound to attempt greater things. Mr George Piggott purchased the surrounding land for the building of a proper school and so the present school building came to be built. Piggott St and Piggott Park is named after George
The Earl of Bradford Orlando George Charles Bridgeman 1819-1898 gave £200 towards the £3,255 it would cost to build and fit a new school, it was designed by a Bolton Architect Mr C Holt and consisted of two rooms for boys and girls school each 102ft by 20ft and an infants room 60ft by 20ft and a Master's house.The Sunday school was to be transferred into this new building so a Day School could start.
186108.08.1861 The opening of the school by the Lord Bishop of Manchester at a tea party at which 300 people were present, it was named Lever Street Holy Trinity National School, it opened it's doors the very next day and the Rev Lowe put one of his curates in charge of the district the Rev John George Doman for the first year the school was given a grant of £162.The number of children on the roll in it's first year was 281.
Lever St Holy Trinity National School / St Marks
Pupil Teacher Miss Elizabeth Booth begins her duties at the school.
Mrs E. Bentley starts duties at the school as Girls Head Mistress.
Pupil Teacher Miss E. Beswick begins her duties at the school she eventually becomes the Girls Head Mistress in 1866
1863Because of the shortage of qualified teachers in the early years and because teaching was not regarded as a profession so began a system that employed Pupil Teachers, they usually were from the same school and began teaching at age 13 and their apprenticeship would last for 4 to 5 years. They would be taught the lessons for the day by the Master before school opens and then would go on to teach the rest of the pupils what they had learnt, this practice continued up to around 1906-07, althought the age in 1878 was put up to 14.
Mrs Haimer follows pupil John Thomas Grimshaw to school and complains that he threw a stone at her door, J. T. Grimshaw is severely dealt with and the whole school is told of the folly and consequences of such daring and mischievous acts.Punishments in schools prior to Lever St Holy Trinity Schools/St Mark's being built.Children who misbehaved could have been fastened together with what was called a YOKE this piece of apparatus was made of wood and fitted round the neck and usually accommodated two pupils, and they were made to walk round the school (one forwards and one backwards).Depending on the offence, Other punishments ranged considerably, from wearing a card around the pupils neck telling of the offence perpetrated, wearing of a Dunce cap, Naughty Corners, Tied up in sacks and put in corner, to being put in a basket which was hauled way up to the ceiling. Beatings were on the increase after 1850 with Caning being the most popular.
186614.08.66 The Lord Bishop of Manchester licensed the Rev John George Doman to the incumbency, Rev Doman begins at once to collect funds for the building of a Church.24.10.66 The Rev John George Doman performs his first recorded Baptism in the New Parish of St Marks on Thomas Fletcher Class of the 1870s.Scarlet fever hits the area and the school attendance numbers begin to fall.Many children arrived at school dirty and were sent home to wash, eventually washing facilities were organised.The Teachers begin to use Prepared Chalk instead of Lump Chalk.05.11.66 Head Mr John H Norris leaves the school his replacement is Mr William Webster.13.11.66 Triffitt stayed at home today on the sick list - went on quite well without him as with him, he is not much goodGirls Head Mistress Mrs E. Bentley leaves the school, her replacement is Miss E. Beswick.
1867Baptisms relating to the School or Church
15.09.67 George Doman son of the Rev John George Doman vicar of St Marks churchThe school is renamed St Marks and with pupil numbers growing the school building was considerably enlarged in size to accommodate.Thomas Winwood was sent back into the Classroom to stay after school, he went home through the window instead.A gentleman walked into the school and requested to see the working of the school and then marches out without saying who he was or what he came to see, the bemused staff carried on regardless.Miss E. Carter starts her duties as the Girls Head Mistress.20.08.67 Monitor Thomas Morris leaves to start a job as a moulder.23.08.67 Teacher Mr Thomas Morris starts his duties at St Marks.
1868The schools gas lamps were lit for the very first time during school hours, it was hard to tell which was the brightest, the lamps or the eyes of the children who sat in amazement.Miss Emily Barlow begins her duties as a Monitor this year.06.01.68 Mr Thornley from Ince near Wigan starts his duties as assistant master today.
15.04.69 Teacher Mr William Charles Brown starts his duties at St Marks.
1870St Marks and other schools attendances suffer considerably with small pox and scarlet fever being prevalent in the area.Girls Head Mistress Miss E. Carter leaves St Marks.Mrs Birnie begins her duties at St Marks.15.08.70 Teacher Mr Kemp starts his duties at St Marks.12.09.70 Teacher Mr Shepherd starts his duties at St Marks.
187127.03.71 Mr T Robinson commenced duties as assistant teacher this day.On St Marks Day (25th April) the St Marks place of worship is consecrated by Bishop Fraser. the church was designed by the architect R. K. Freeman
St Marks ChurchThe foundation stone of the church was laid in name by James Barlow of the well known Barlow and Jones firm and later Mayor of Bolton.
James Barlow, Bolton Mayor 1866-67
Photo courtesy of The Mayors of Bolton website by Ken Beevers and Brian Mills.
St Mark's Church held the distinction of being the first Church in Bolton to provide it's seating "Free and Open" forever. St Marks School is near bursting and the opening of Victoria Wesleyan School on 9th January helps decrease the schools overcrowding problem.
Victoria Wesleyan School rebuilt 1902
187213.01.72 SMALL POX IN BOLTON
There are at present ten cases of small pox in the borough, and though the disease has for the last few days been on the decline, the Bolton Sanitary Inspector Mr Kay, became aware of three fresh cases. However the above number being a mere cypher when compared with the population of the borough and with the serious prevalence of the disease elsewhere.Mr John Fell and Lily Catterall become Pupil Teachers.Mrs Birnie leaves St Marks.27.03.71 Teacher Mr Kemp finished his duties at St Marks
187325 year old Miss Selina Greaves starts her duties as Head Mistress to the Infants.Pupil William Hardie starts his duties as a Pupil Teacher this year.
1874School leaving age raised from thirteen to fourteen.04.09.74 The Bolton Flower show is in full swing, several half time boys just happen to play truant this day.24.12.74 Teacher Mr John E Parr leaves the school to commence duties in Altringham
187515.01.75 Mr William Robert Buckley starts his duties at the school as Assistant Master.22.08.75 Pupil James Gregory becomes a Monitor and starts teaching other pupils at the school.Scarlet Fever hits the area again and pupil attendances start to fall. Some boys at the school are considered for work as full time employees.
187621.08.76 Mr Anderson Rushworth commences his duties at St Marks, he is to stay for 38 years.
16.03.77 Pupil Teacher John Fell leaves St Marks to start duties at Eagley Schools as assistant master.Mr George Hayhurst joins the staff at St Marks.Assistant Master Mr William Robert Buckley leaves the school.
187811.01.78 Ex pupil and Pupil Teacher Mr John Fell returns to take up duties as assistant master.Girls Head Mistress Miss E. Beswick leaves St Marks.Miss Sarah Catherine Hindley joins the staff as Head Mistress over the Girls section.
187906.01.79 John Thomas Spencer commenced duties as an assistant teacher17.01.79 Mr George Hayhurst leaves to enter the Saltley Training College.01.05.79 May Day processions.31.10.79 Holiday to allow the work for building of the new class room.11.11.79 Workmen begin to pull down the wall on the North side.
1880Increases in the School Pence for All Day and Half Timers to 4d per week and to 3d for the Lower Class.Mr John Fell who became a Pupil Teacher in 1872 leaves St Marks.
1881Mr James Higson joins the staff as Assistant Teacher.Mr William Hurst Albinson joins the staff as an Assistant Teacher but leaves the same year.
188227.03.82 Slaterfield Board School opens it doors, 37 pupils from St Marks are transferred to the new school.Girls Head Mistress Miss Sarah Catherine Hindley leaves St Marks to Marry (St Marks Church).Miss Betsy Fallows becomes the new Girls Head Mistress.Mr James Gregory leaves St MarksMr John Thomas Spencer leaves St Marks20 year old Mr George Fred Haslam joins the staff as Assistant Teacher
188321 year old Mr Robert Foulds joins the staff this year as an Assistant Teacher.Miss Cheetham joins the St Marks staff.Mr William Hurst Albinson returns as an Assistant Teacher.
1884The door between the boys and girls playground is often found unlocked, instructions are passed on to all concerned that the boys and girls must be kept separate at all times.The Superintendent Squire Openshaw dies, he was there from the beginning of the Sunday School.
Teacher Mr Thomas Wild's pay is now increased to £50 p/a.
Assistant Teacher Mr William Hurst Albinson leaves St Marks.
28.07.85 John George Doman marries Miss Eliza Anne Greenhalgh at the Parish Church.
14.11.85 Alfred Ray a pupil from Standard V was involved in a factory accident which resulted in the loss of an arm.
Mr Joseph Causey joins the staff as an Assistant Teacher.
St Marks Vicarage on High St is built.
1886A male member of staff sent word his absence was because his wife was seriously ill, the Head and a female teacher visited the teacher and his wife to see if could assist in any way but the teachers wife was found to be quite well and had not been ill. He was dismissed immediately.28.06.86 Clarendon St School was opened for the first time this morning, Several boys left to go there.
Clarendon St School
Mr James Higson leaves St Marks this year.
19 year old Mr Robert Hall joins the staff at St Marks.
Assistant Teacher Mr Joseph Causey leaves St Marks.
188721.03.87 Extensions to the school are started.Notices are sent out for the parents of poor children to apply for school fees for the coming quarter.Miss M. Holmes starts her duties as Infants Head Mistress
1888The school is so successful and popular that when a post for a new headmistress to the infant section is posted, the school received 150 applicants for the post, a very high number indeed even for now, never mind for the 1880s.Mr Charles Herbert Field joins the staff as Assistant Teacher.Mr Ralph Ashcroft begins his duties at St Marks.
1889The extensions are finished the school has two more Classrooms one either side of the large hall, one for the boys and one for the girls, Classes mentioned before this time were not ecesaey in different rooms, as mentioned in the 1860s there were only 3 rooms in the school, one for boys one for girls and one for infants so some Classes were only segregated by a few feet.31.12.89 The Rev George Frederick Eyes mother dies.
189022.10.90 Assistant Teacher Mr William Henry Hatton is appointed at these schools.25.10.90 Assistant Teacher Mr Charles Herbert Field leaves the school.06.02.90 Jane Doman the mother of the Rev John George Doman's mother dies aged 83.
1891Girls Head Mistress Miss Betsy Fallows leaves St Marks.Miss Alice Duckworth becomes the new Girls Head Mistress.Mr George Grant starts his duties at the school as an Assistant Teacher.Mr Joseph Bell starts his duties at the school as an Assistant Teacher.Mr Ralph Ashcroft leaves St Marks
1892Another extension for a Classroom is completed this year just off the small hall.Mr Webster the Head of the boys school retires after twenty seven years service as also does the Head of the girls school Miss Alice Duckworth.
Also this year the boys and girls schools are joined together as a mixed school under one Headmaster, Mr Jabez Darricotte.
Miss Catherine Hawer joins the staff as Assistant Teacher this year.
Mr William Henry Hatton leaves the staff this year.
Mr James Tattersall leaves the staff this year.
Miss Sarah E. Dickinson joins the St Marks staff.
Aug 1892 the annual school sermons, the number walking this year is 1566.
Infants Head Mistress Miss M Holmes leaves St Marks.
Miss Field joins the staff as the Infants Head Mistress.
25 year old Mr William Hodgkiss joins the staff, he stays for 31 years and 7 months.
Mr Charles Dickinson joins the St Marks staff.
Miss Mary Ellen Crook joins the St Marks staff.
Assistant Teacher Mr Joseph Bell leaves St Marks.
Mr Alfred Ainscow start his duties as an Assistant Teacher but leaves the same year.
A Fayre is held this year as in other years, the proceeds of these sales that were held yearly as well as other events enabled the church tower to be built.
Infant Head Mistress Miss Field leaves St Marks.
01.05.49 Miss Laura Leatham age 44 joins the staff as Head Mistress to the Infants.
17 years old Miss Catherine Hamer joins the staff at St Marks
Richard Leeming Class of the 1880s marries Sarah Shepherd.
The Never Absent scheme began where pupils with 100% attendance were given the opportunity of having their photo taken others.
18.02.95 The school commenced giving free dinners to the poorer children.
07.09.98 17 year old Miss Margaret Kirkman starts her duties as a Teacher at St Marks.
Curate Edwin Wolfe starts his duties at St Marks Church.
1899The Church Tower Fund is started, the church at this time still has no tower, all kinds of events are arranged to raise money.
A Grand Conversazione for the Tower Fund is arranged for April 27th, 28th and 29th, tickets for sale at 1s each.
Original TicketThe people who buy the tickets will have a brick with their name on it. Many people saw a lot of these bricks on the street in 1973 when the church was demolished and wondered what the names meant.Conversazione means 'local gathering'.Later the congregation were invited to pay 1s 6d per brick or 2s for two, whereon their names would be inscribed and inserted in the tower as lasting memorials.
The only name known on this photo is Curate Edwin Wolf centre, the Rev John George Doman is ill at the time this photo was taken.
Miss Elizabeth Gratrix starts her duties as a Teacher this year.
Miss Aves begins teaching at St Marks.
190016.07.00 The Rev John George Doman Dies after 38 years service to the Parish of St Marks.19.07.00 School is closed in the afternoon for the funeral of John George DomanThe Rev Edwin Wolfe takes charge of the Church.From 1900 School Punishment books were kept, prior to this it was usually the parent that requested their children to be punished after hearing that they had misbehaved.
190225.04.02 The church tower as a Memorial to the late Rev John George Doman is completed, the tower had always been part of the original design.The popularity of Never Absent Photograph scheme is growing more and more since it started in 1895 and had improved attendance more than any system to date.08.07.02 The Rev Wolfe's son is born at St Mark's Vicarage.17.11.02 Miss Lydia Cornall begins teaching at St Marks.
1903Five candidates from the school attend examinations for Council scholarships at Bolton Grammar School, later of the fifty Council scholarships offered, Robert Dunlop was placed 5th, Annie Kenyon 6th, Elizabeth Lewis 7th and Violet Calverley 15th, Frank Darricotte son of the last Head won 1st place but took a scholarship at the Church Institute (Canon Slade) instead. Headmaster Jabez Darricotte leaves St Marks to take up the post of Supervisor to all primary schools under the Bolton Education Authority. Jabez became editor of the Bolton Guild Journal, he proposed and formed a Mutual Insurance Fund which would pay a sum to widows and their families of local government officers who died in service. This idea was adopted nationally leading to the creation of The Benevolent & Orphan Fund.
01.05.04 33 year old Miss Margaret Woan joins the staff as a Teacher.
02.05.04 Miss Margaret Woan aged 34 join the staff at St Marks
11.05.04 Mr William Hellaby also joins the staff as a Teacher.
01.07.04 Miss Florence Broom aged 15 begins teaching at St Marks.
01.07.04 Miss Hannah Bentley aged 23 begins teaching at St Marks.
01.07.04 Miss Mildred Bagot aged 16 begins teaching at St Marks.
Teacher Miss Elizabeth Gratrix leaves the school this year.
Miss Abbatt leaves St Marks.
The number of children on the register has now reached 607.
01.08.05 Miss Margaret D Entwistle and a 17 year old Miss Violet Haslam join the staff.
Mr Alfred Tinsley joins the staff at St Marks.
The Pupil Teacher System is abandoned.J W Marsh begins his duties as curate at St Marks Church.Ex pupil Robert Dunlop who was a Pupil Teacher is now fully qualified Teacher at the age of 17.Teacher Elizabeth Mary Eccles leaves the school.
1907The school swimming team win the Haslam Silver Shield just one year after the school sent pupils for swimming lessons.A Chicken Pox outbreak slashes attendance numbers in the nursery.Robert Dunlop one of the 1903 scholarship winners returns to the school as a Teacher.
190827.05.08 Teacher Miss Hannah Bentley leaves St Marks to marry.The boys football team won the Stanley Shield for the fifth time and the third in succession, they were of course to win it many more times as well.St Marks attendance is hit by Mumps, Ringworm, and Diarrhoea and pupil numbers are at an all time low.James Loynd is awarded the Royal Life Saving Certificate along with Albert Boardman and Alfred Jerrel.The school swimming team are runners up in the Haslam Silver Shield.27.05.08 Teacher Miss Hannah Bentley leaves St Marks.31.07.08 Teacher and Ex pupil Robert Dunlop leaves St Marks.24.08.08. ex pupil Miss Elizabeth Lewis age 17 Class of 1903 starts as a Student Teacher at St Marks.Miss Mary Ellen Crook leaves St Marks.Teacher Miss Bartwise leaves St Marks.
1909Measles hits the district, Lever Bridge School and Clarendon St both close because of the outbreak but St Marks manages to continue.
Clarendon St School
1910The school swimming team win the Captain Webb Memorial Shield.01.06.10 23 year old Miss Mary Foole start her duties as a Teacher.13.07.10 19 year old Miss Elizabeth Greenhalgh starts her duties as a Teacher.10.10.10 Miss Harriet Horrocks starts her duties as a Teacher.Teacher Miss Florence Broom leaves St Marks.
1911A request was submitted to the Chief Constable for a police officer to be present at times of school dismissal, in order to prevent street accidents due to the number of automobiles.The Measles epidemic eventually took it's toll on the school and was closed for two weeks.Headmaster Mr Frank Smith leaves St Marks.01.05.11 Mr Thomas Smith commences his duties as Headmaster.06.09.11 Miss Annie Crompton joins the St Marks staff.17 year old Teacher Mr Walter Grisdale joins the staff at St Marks.J W Marsh leaves as curate at St Marks Church
Rev Wolfe is replaced after 12 years service by Rev Henry Richard Tomlinson.03.05.12 Miss Mary Ellen Crook returns once again to join the staff at St Marks.
1913Teacher Miss Mabel Staveley a member of staff leaves to become Mrs Darby, later this year she has a baby.14.01.13 The school closes for a week after another Measles outbreak.02.05.13 35 year old Miss Francis A Davies joins the St Marks staff.11.07.13 the King and Queen visit Bolton and scholars from St Marks are chosen to sing before the King and Queen on the wholesale market.
191431.03.14. Teacher Mr Anderson Rushworth retires on a break-down pension after thirty eight years teaching in the school 1876-1914.01.08.14 Teacher Miss Francis A Davies leaves the school.09.09.14 22 year old Miss Dorothy Heywood joins the staff.14.09.14 18 year old Miss Hilda Eatough joins the staff but sometime during the war she leaves to become a nurse.19.11.14 Miss Hilda Martin joins the staff at St Marks.Miss Laura Leatham leaves St Marks age 65.Mrs Bertha Bishop nee Dyson aged 28 joins the St Marks staff.Mr William Hodgkiss is now Assistant Head.Mr W Grisedale a Teacher is ordered to join his regiment in London by the first possible train.The girls started making comforts for the troops.Miss Gladys Holding starts her duties as a Teacher.Mrs M Harrison a Supply Teacher joins the staff for this year only.Miss Dorothy E Fletcher joins the staff this year.Teacher Miss Lydia Cornall leaves the school this year
Mr Thomas Smith the Headmaster is given three months leave of absence to take up duties as Sgt Major Instructor with the 10th Battalion of the South Wales Borders.
Mrs Doman wife of the founder vicar dies, she outlived him by 15 years.13.06.15 Teacher Miss Margaret Kirkman dies aged 33.01.08.15 Nora Kenyon begins her duties at St Marks.09.09.15 20 year old Miss Mabel Eckersley joins the staff.22.12.15 Miss Dorothy Heywood leaves St Marks
1916Pupil Harry Peers gained a Bolton scholarship worth £60.Staff wage increases took the Head Teacher's salary to £130 p/a, student teachers salaries increased to £50 p/a and the highest paid qualified teacher to £100 p/a.Caretaker Mr Alfred Tinsley is called up for Military Service, he returns in 1918.Temporary Caretaker Mr Fred Kay is employed for 2 weeks, his pay £1-12s-6d a week.Mr John Grundy replaces Mr Fred Kay as Caretaker.Teacher Mr Harry Thomas Tonge is called up for Military Service, he returns in 1919.Student Teacher Nora Kenyon leaves for Training College, she returns in 1920.A Supply Teacher starts her duties at the school, her pay is six shillings a day.Assistant Teacher Mr Albert E Fallows starts his duties at St Marks, his pay is £55 p/a.31.07.16 Miss Violet Haslam leaves St Marks.31.07.16 Nora Kenyon leaves St Marks, she returns in 1920.01.08.16 19 year old Teacher Miss Doris C E Hibbert joins the staff.01.09.16 21 year old Teacher Miss Gladys Minnie Hall starts her duties at St Marks, her pay is £70 p/a.15.11.16 17 year old Student Miss Doris Edge starts her one year training at St Marks.
1917Another pupil namely Sidney Monks wins a Municipal Secondary Scholarship at the early age of 10 years.Rev Henry Richard Tomlinson is replaced after 5 years service by Rev H A Coleman.31.07.17 Teacher Miss Doris C E Hibbert and Student Teacher Miss Doris Edge leave St Marks.01.08.17 17 year old Student Teacher Miss Doris Eatough joins the staff of St Marks.03.10.17 21 year old Miss Helen May Bignell begins teaching at St Marks.
191831.07.18 Student Doris Eatough leaves St Marks.11.11.18 Armistice the school closes for one day the next day.One second hand piano arrived in this year.The school now has nine Classes and teachers in the mixed school.Head Mr Thomas Smith's pay rises to £350 p/a.Caretaker Mr Alfred Tinsley returns from the war and Caretaker Mr John Grundy leaves.
191930.04.19 Teacher Mr Walter Grisdale leaves St Marks as does Mrs Bertha Bishop nee Dyson.30.05.19 Teacher Miss Harriet Horrocks leaves St Marks.In June Gerald Smith is awarded a Foundation Scholarship at Bolton School at the age of 9, in 1924 he took senior honours at Cambridge.28.07.19 Miss May Stringfellows joins the staff at St Marks.The Headmaster trusts his senior pupils so much he sends seven of them to Hall i'th' Wood Museum unaccompanied so as to "stimulate their powers of observation".
1920A student teacher from a training college is in the school for two weeks training, the nursery was used for many years from this year for the training of students.13.08.20 Teacher Miss Annie Crompton leaves the school.13.09.20 Nora Kenyon returns to St Marks.
1921Rev Harry George MossRev H A Coleman is replaced after 4 years service by Rev Harry George Moss.Assistant priest John E Lang leaves St Marks and assists the priest at Astley Bridge.29.07.21 Miss Mary Ellen Crook retires at the age of 60 after 24 years service.01.08.21 Miss Clara Anderton a 18 year old Student Teacher starts her one years training at St Marks.
192231.07.22 Miss Mary A Richardson retires after spending 30 years in the school as Pupil Teacher and Assistant Mistress, the same day Student Teacher Miss Clara Anderton leaves after completing her one year at St Marks.13.09.22 Miss Emily Peeks joins the staff at St Marks
1923St Marks is closed due to the marriage of Princess Mary and Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George.Teacher Miss Helen May Bignell leaves St Marks.
192401.01.24 Miss Anne Kenyon returns to St Marks as a Teacher she was in Class 1918.The school was condemned by the Board of Education apparently there is not enough light or ventilation, it lacked corridors so pupils had to pass through one Classroom to get to another and it was without cloakrooms.
The managers were advised by the board that it would not be wise to spend any amount of money because it could not be brought up to standard but the managers under the Rev H G Moss went to work and succeeded working out a plan, they called in an Architect, and proceeded to raise the money.11,08.24 Mr John William McCann in charge of 9 boys and 5 girls left for the Wembley Exhibition, they returned on the 14th.31.10.24 Miss Mabel Eckersley leaves St Marks.Miss Laura Leatham ex Infants Headmistress dies aged 75.
1925Plans for the re-building of the school were submitted.06.01.25 Mrs Betsy Fallows Shippobottom - Glaister joins the staff as a Teacher but also leaves this year.16.02.25. Miss Clarice Howarth starts her duties as the Infants Head Mistress.31.03.25 Mr William Hodgkiss retires on a breakdown pension after 32 years service to the school.
Sadly Mr Hodgkiss died on the 8th May this same year aged 57.01.04.25 Mr A Hodkinson starts his duties at St Marks.02.06.25 Mr James Mason joins the staff at St Marks.18.06.25 Ronald Smith aged 11 is awarded a Scholarship at Municipal Secondary School.01.12.25. Miss Eleanora Eatough joins the staff.
25.01.26 The boys and girls from the Top Class visit the Mere Hall Museum.
Mere Hall 1908.30.04.26 Mrs Mary Barlow leaves St Marks.03.05.26 Miss Hannah Coop begins teaching at St Marks.21.05.26 Empire Day Celebrations.10.08.26 The Mayor of Bolton visits the school.31.10.26 Teacher Miss Mary Foole leaves St Marks.30.11.26 Teacher Miss Annie Kenyon and ex pupil of 1918 leaves St Marks
1927The school was partially rebuilt and structurally reduced in size and remodeled inside, the pupil numbers were dwindling because many more schools were in the borough, the school visually and in size now closely resembled the original school at a cost of £3,000.
Also this year the school applied for a Music and dancing license.24.06.27 Miss Hannah Coop leaves to become Mrs Hannah Rigby.Teacher Mr James Mason leaves St Marks to take up duties at Wolfenden St School.Teacher Mr Harold S. D. Bonser joins St Marks Staff, he was previously Head Teacher at St Thomas's Halliwell.
192801.08.28 Mr Harry Brickles begins teaching at St Marks.Mr John William McCann retires after 34 years work in the school 01.03.1894-01.08.1928.
Miss Eveline Philips leaves St Marks to become Mrs Eveline Coop.
01.08.29 Miss Alice Blackledge begins teaching at St Marks, she leaves 22 days later.
193026.06.30 Pupil Margaret Nina Smith is awarded a Foundation Scholarship and Elizabeth Battersby is awarded the Commercial School Scholarship.03.09.30 Teacher Miss Eleanora Eatough leaves St Marks.
1931Miss Florence Owens joins the staff at St Marks
Miss Dorothy Higgnbotton joins the staff as a Teacher this year,
Miss Edna May Barrow straight from Teacher Training College begins her duties at St Marks.
Pupil Lilian Dale wins a scholarship and continues her education at Bolton Municipal Secondary School on Great Moor St
Great Moor St Municipal Secondary School
31.07.33 Miss Edith Kefford leaves St Marks to marry.
26.12.33 Miss Bertha Shepley leaves St Marks to marry
Miss Cissie Blundell straight from teacher training college begins her duties at St Marks.
01.08.35 Miss Clarice Howarth Head Mistress of the Infant School leaves St Marks to marry.
01.08.35 Supply Teacher Miss M J Ellison is at the school 7th Aug.
Miss Doris Booth begins teaching at St Marks
1936A vehicle crashes into the St Marks St school wall causing part of the wall to collapse. Estimates are sought for the repair.Mr J Fox joins the staff this year.Miss Jessie Abram begins teaching at St Marks.
Rev Harry George Moss
Rev Harry G Moss is replaced after 16 years service by Rev Joseph Stanley Leatherbarrow.
Mr Richard Hodgson joins the staff at St Marks.
Mr Norman Benn starts teaching at St Marks but leaves the same year.
193802.06.38 Mr Harry Brickles a Teacher of St Marks who started in the 1920s takes over as Head from Mr Thomas Smith Head 1911-1938.
29.07.38 Miss Florence Owens leaves St Marks to marry.
Miss J Baker begins her duties at St Marks.
193901.09.39 Miss Pauline Bromiley joins the staff at St Marks.11.09.39 The school closes owing to the outbreak of war and only opened again when an air raid shelter was provided under the school.04.10.39 Curate Joseph Gilbert marries Ada Louisa Whalley at St Marks Church.Miss Margaret A Hilton joins the staff but leaves this year too.
When War broke out I was four and when my father came back from the War
I was 9. Five years was such a long time. The War started and that's when
they'd started teaching us in school that when the siren went everyone had
to get up quickly and quietly and march to the door, and everybody then
filed out and down into the cellars which they'd made into air raid shelters.
There were forms along each side of the wall and the children all sat there.
We tried to talk or say poems or the teacher would tell us a story just
to keep us good and not get upset. There were some children that use to
cry, because they was frightened. Most children were frightened, but you
just sort of had a laugh and a joke with your friend and that, and there
you would sit until it came. Also you had your gas mask, put it on for so
long and when there was no threat really of gas you took it off. But you
carried it everywhere with you just to be on the safe side.
Audrey Cole nee Miller ex St Marks Pupil.
An Extract from Bolton Remembers the War with permission
see also St Mark's Roll of Honour
1940An attempt to set fire to the school was made this year, but was thwarted when smoke was seen coming out from the cellar the Air Raid Wardens Post was contacted and the pile of paper that was ablaze was quickly put out.Mr Richard Hodgson is called up for Military Service as Flight Sergeant for the RAF.Mrs Clarice Vernon replaces Mr Hodgson while he is away.Miss Nellie Battle joins St Marks Staff at St Marks.Mrs Mary N Critchley joins the St Marks staff.
1941A grant was given to the school this year to buy a Marconi Wireless Set, Cost £5.Mr Ernest A Kilner is called up for military serviceCaretaker Mr Alfred Tinsley retires after 36 years service to St Marks.Teacher Miss Jessie Abrams marries and becomes Mrs Donkins at St Marks Church
Alice Brooks from Class of 1950 breaks her right arm.15.06.42. Teacher Miss Cissie Blundell marries and becomes Mrs Hindley.15.05.42. Teacher Miss Doris Booth marries and becomes Mrs Scrogg.15.06.42. Teacher Miss Cissie Blundell marries and becomes Mrs Hindley.Reports of rats being seen in and around the school, later more reports moves the Head to engage the assistance of a professional who is brought in and under his advice all holes are filled and poison is put down.31.07.42 Miss Pauline Bromiley leaves St Marks.20.08.42 Teacher Mrs Jessie Donkins nee Abram leaves St Marks.10.12.42 Miss Margaret Jean Hodkinson starts her duties at St Marks.Miss Norwenna Burton begins teaching at St Marks.Mr Charles A Howard starts his duties as Caretaker.
194329.11.43 Miss Mitchell retires, she was a scholar at the school in the 1880s and then became a teacher at St Marks, Miss Mitchell is probably one of the longest serving teachers ever at St Marks, she of course had spent most of her life at the school.The Nit Nurse arrives and after checking the pupils sends 2 boys and 10 girls home, one week late she arrives again and decimates the attendance record yet again by sending 31 pupils home.03.11.43 Mrs Mary Brown begins teaching at St Marks.
1944The final of the Morris Shield, St Marks 2 St Peter and Paul's 1 the shield remains at the school for twelve months, the last time they won was in 1912.
match was played at St Thomas' Holy Harbour in April or May 1944. The
team as far as I know was as follows.
Jimmy Clarkson, Reginald Timms, Ernest Orrell, Frank Coward, Alan Woodcock, Wilfred Shuker, Ronald Brookes, Derek Evans, Frank Horrocks and Brian Hales.
Roy Woodcock Class of 1953
The dining centre opened on the 13th march (mmmmmmmmm).
20.08.44 Rev John Collingwood Hadfield performs his first Baptism at St Marks Church he is replacing Rev Joseph Stanley Leatherbarrow who has been Rev at the church for 7 years.21.08.44 Ex Pupil from Class of 1944 Miss Alice Eagles aged 14 joins the staff as a Nursery Assistant.Miss Fooks joins the staff but also leaves this year.Miss D L Evridge joins the staff at St Marks.Mrs Constance joins the staff at St Marks.Miss M R Church joins the staff at St Marks.Caretaker Mr Charles A Howard leaves.Mrs Elsie Harris joins the staff as a Teacher.Teacher Miss Norwenna Burton leaves St Marks.Mr Bagshaw begins his duties at St Marks.
16.09.45 Decommissioning of the Air Raid Shelter under the school starts.
Miss Constance M Hayes joins the staff as a Teacher this year.
Mr Roy Dewhurst joins the St Marks staff.
Teacher Mrs Grant leaves the school this year.
Mrs Amy Dickenson joins the St Marks staff.
Mrs Cissie Hindley nee Blundell leaves St Marks.
Miss Dorothy Barker begins teaching at St Marks
Miss Margaret Armstrong begins her duties at St Marks.
13.04.46 Miss Margaret Hall leaves the staff at St Marks.
09.09.46 Free milk for all from this day.
16.09.46 Work starts on the demolition of the Air Raid shelter under the school.
29.10.46 Teacher Emily H Peeks retires after 23 years at St Marks
Mr Richard Hodgson returns to St Marks.
Mr Roy Dewhurst leaves St Marks.
Teacher Mrs Joan Bromiley leaves St Mark.
Miss Dorothy Hadfield joins the staff at St Marks.
Miss Jean Camm begins teaching at St Marks.
We once went on a school trip to Southport, we didn't call them 'Coaches'
in those days we call them 'Charabangs', One of us would see it parking
up and shout "The Charabangs Here" then there would be a scramble
to try and get on.
In those days it was the only chance of getting out, nobody had cars, if you saw a car in the street everyone would mill round it and have a look
Doreen Gill Class of 1950 July 2009
28.04.28 The school has a telephone installed.Student Teacher Mr Edwin Rolph who has spent the last year at St Marks leaves for Training College, he returns in 1949.Miss Horridge leaves St Marks.Teacher Miss Jean Camm leaves St Marks.Student Teachers Miss Hancock and Miss Hook join the staff at St Marks.Clerk to the school Mrs Aspinall leaves St Marks.Mr A Cree starts his duties as the Caretaker.
194918.07.49 The new dining centre opens but smoke was seen on the school roof and the Fire Brigade was called, after an inspection the Officer said the slates were warm but no sign of a fire was present, so they left the scene.
Mr Keith Hayes joins the staff, later his wife Joan Hayes also joins the staff at St Marks.Miss Betty Hodgson leaves St Marks.Miss Edgerly joins the staff.
Teacher Mrs Amy Dickenson leaves St Marks
1950The final of the Morris Shield, St Marks 1 Great Lever 0 .
Caretaker Mr A Cree leaves St Marks.
Rev John Collingwood Hadfield is replaced after 7 years service by Rev Eric Ronald Chapman .Teacher Mrs Elsie Harris leaves St Marks.Miss A L Heelis joins the staff as a Teacher.Teacher Miss Dorothy Margaret Breaks leaves St Marks.Miss Eileen J Barratt begins teaching at St Marks.
195222.04.52 St Marks becomes a primary school and all senior children are transferred to Great Lever Secondary school.Mr Richard Hodgson leaves St Marks
1953Teacher Mrs Gladys Holt starts her duties at St Marks.Teacher Mr Keith Hayes joins the Staff at St Marks.
1954Children on the roll this year is 251.Mr Herbert Griffiths is taken on as Caretaker.
Mr Gordon Halliwell joins the staff at St Marks.
Miss Margaret J German joins the staff as a Teacher this year.
Miss A Crook joins the St Marks staff as a Teacher.
Mrs M Cranshaw begins teaching at St Marks.
Ex pupil Stanley Entwistle from Class of 1907 is elected Mayor of Bolton, photo courtesy of Mayors of Bolton website
Ex pupil Stanley Entwistle from Class of 1907 is again elected Mayor of Bolton, photo courtesy of Mayors of Bolton websiteGlass and barbed wire protection is installed to protect roof slates and lead from thieves.
30.03.57 Alice Eagles Class of 1944 and nursery assistant at St Marks in the 1940s is married to Roland Heaton Foster.
1958Rev Eric Ronald Chapman leaves St Marks in August and is replaced after 6 years service by Rev Cyril Winters in November.Mr Harry Brickles leaves the school, he was a Teacher for 10 years and then Headmaster for 20 years at St Marks.Mr H Boscow takes over as Head.Mr Gordon Halliwell leaves to become Head at St John's School Wingates.Miss M Booth begins teaching at St Marks.
Mr Jabez Darricote Headmaster 1892-1903 dies aged 95 in Cheshire, his wife Elizabeth Hayley-Darricotte died 10 years earlier.
1960Mrs Harrison joins the staff as a Teacher.Mrs Doris Scrogg nee Booth leaves St Marks.
1961A book titled 'A Hundred Years of Education 1861 - 1961' (see History by H Boscow) is published which is actually a story of St Mark's from the beginning, compiled from the schools archives and written by the Head Teacher Mr H Boscow and dedicated to the teachers, scholars and church members and to Linda Anne Hamer a pupil from Class I, who died aged 8.An American teacher named Miss Sodergren is employed on the St Marks Staff but on arrival at the school she was so appalled at the age of the school and lack of equipment she leaves later the very same year.Retired Headmaster Mr Thomas Smith died in this year, he was Head 1911-1938.Mrs E Entwistle becomes the new Deputy Head.Teacher Miss M Booth leaves St Marks.
1963Children on the roll this year is 211.HM Inspectors reported the school to be inadequate in many ways but well equipped, except the radio receiving unit is unsatisfactory for it had not a tape recorder.Teacher Miss Green leaves St Marks this year.Mrs Joyce Collier joins the St Marks staff.Teacher Miss S Farrimond leaves St Marks.Teacher Miss M Cranshaw leaves St Marks.
Teacher Miss Joyce Collier Marries and leaves st marks.
1965Boys are on the roof they jump down and run off when seen by the caretaker, slates and lead from the roof were found in the guttering in small heaps.Headmaster Mr John Michael Mundy leaves St Marks.Mr Thomas Abbott becomes the new Head.Deputy Head Miss E Entwistle leaves St Marks.Teacher Miss C Farr becomes the new Deputy.Mrs Radcliffe leaves St Marks, she is expecting a baby.Mrs Jean Earp joins the staff of St Marks.Caretaker Mr Herbert Griffiths leaves the school and is replaced by Mr W Cann.
1966Teacher Mrs B Green leaves St Marks.Clarendon St school annexation is considered as an option to enlarge St Marks.
Clarendon St School.Excerpt for the Bolton Evening News
OUR photographer captured the scene at St Mark's Church, Bolton, in November, 1966, (photo soon) when the Band of the Bolton Corps of the Salvation Army accompanied the hymn singing at the annual service of installation of the new president of the Bolton Council of Churches. The incoming president, the Rev J. N. Wood, Vicar of St Mark's, is seen wearing his badge of office on the left. He is accompanied by the retiring president, Mr H. Sharples and the secretary, the Rev Arthur J. Long. It was the first time that the Salvation Army band had taken part in this service.
196826.11.68 The school is valued for sale purposes and had at the time a market value of £3.250 not including fittings, actually £5 less than it was built for in 1861.Deputy Head Teacher Mrs C Farr leaves to become the Head at Holy Trinity St.Mr Alan Porter becomes Head Master of St Marks.
1969Caretaker Mr W Cann leaves and is replaced by a Mr W Glover.
Teacher Miss Lynda Elizabeth Ward marries and becomes Mrs Hetherington.Teacher Mrs Harrison leaves St Marks.Teacher Mr W Caldwell leaves St Marks
197113.02.71 Lynn Derbyshire Class of 1964 is married to Graham Hardman Class of 1964 and is the last Wedding performed by St Marks Church.On the 25th April St Marks Day the church is 100 years old it is also the last day that the church will open it's doors, the decision to close the church was said to be because of dwindling parishioners who were moving further from the parish and also the area was being re-developed, but according to records the school and church had been under threat from the 1950s, but it was the determination of the staff to continue to give good schooling when more modern schools were being built all through the borough.In December the last incumbent the Rev John N Wood finally found the last of the movable furniture new homes and left the building.An inventory of goods and furnishings removed from St Mark's Church Bolton in May 1971 and thereafter deposited on loan for greater security to various local churches below see CH084 for the full list of items.
At the time the only items that remain in the church were:-
High Alter Communion Rails
First World War Oak Triptych Memorial
Organ Blower with Electric Motor.Headmaster Mr A Porter leaves St Marks and is replaced with female teacher Y. Roberts who has been at the school since 1968. not since1935 has there been a female Headmistress.
Miss Heaton commences her duties at St Marks.
Mrs Cooper begins teaching this year at St Marks.
1972On the 11th February the school was formerly closed.
1973Early this year St Marks Church was demolished.
1978Ex Teacher Doris Booth-Scrogg dies aged 77.
1997Ex Teacher and Headmaster Mr Harry Brickles dies this year aged 77.
2003Jan. Researching material in the Bolton Archives and Local Studies I came across a Register from St Mark's covering the years 1930 to 1972, I decided to find out more about my old primary school.After a year of studying Log Books, Photo's, The Register, Microfilms, and with the help of St Marks Staff from the Archives, I begin to restore the photo's and to make a copy of the register.Oct. I begin to build the St Mark's Web site and start to receive emails about the site.
2004Visits to the homes of St Marks ex pupils help tremendously in expanding the site with photo's, memorabilia, and memories of the School and Church.Nov. Links to Bolton.org web site are made.
2005Lots more emails not only from ex St Mark's pupils but from the people of Bolton and ex Boltonians from all over the world.
Jan. Permission to enter the old school and photograph the interior is made possible by permission of Blackshaw, Sykes & Morris, Robert Kenyon also permission to enter Bolton Dance and Performing Arts was also granted by Teresa Harper.Feb. Links to the Bolton Revisited site are made.May. New web site publishing software and broadband connection is acquired for the St Mark's Web site due to the increasing size of the site and the many more photo's being used as reference by kind permission from other Bolton web sites.Many more visits to ex pupils are planned for the remaining of the year.
2006Many more emails this year, with promises of photo's from ex pupils.Also this year received a 100 year old St Marks Church cloth with a likeness of the Church, one of a pair, the other was given to The Parish Church Museum, See CH065.
2007St Marks has been in the Bolton Evening News Twice this year already on the Looking Back page and with the site being mentioned every time someone sends a photo to the BEN.Baptisms and Weddings performed at St Marks Church are to be researched, documented and published on the site this will take some considerable time to complete.
Mr Alan Porter ex Headmaster who became a professional referee (1973-1981) and later President of the Referees Association dies.
This is the St Mark's 5th year on the web.
New pages will be added this year with names of those who served in H.M Forces, in the Collieries, and Cotton Mills.
With the St Mark's web site now it's 6th year and most of the hardest work done, I can concentrate on adding more baptisms and marriage details and hopefully delve deeper into St Marks's history.
One thing I have found in my research is that a time capsule has been hidden in the area with a copy of the Bolton Daily Chronicle, and Bolton Evening News from 1884, also a one half penny and a plan of a building relating to St Mark's, this information I have passed on to Bolton Museum and Local Archives.
Eric Ronald Chapman (Rev 1951-1958) dies in June.
Family Tree research added to the site.
This year the St Mark's web site celebrates its 12th year on the internet.